Environmental costs and
environmental impacts in a chemical industry. eLCC and LCA on two colorants.
This study has focused on the
production of two colorants. A surfactant (Berol 09) used in the older of
these colorants contains nonyl phenol ethoxylate, a substance with
potentially toxic properties. The newer colorant contains another surfactant
(Bermodol SPS 2532) that was developed as an environmentally preferable
alternative to the older surfactant. This substitution is studied and
evaluated both from a traditional Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) perspective
and from a perspective of costs caused by environmental work at the company
and the environmental impacts of the studied products.