Environmental costs and environmental impacts in a chemical industry. eLCC and LCA on two colorants.

This study has focused on the production of two colorants. A surfactant (Berol 09) used in the older of these colorants contains nonyl phenol ethoxylate, a substance with potentially toxic properties. The newer colorant contains another surfactant (Bermodol SPS 2532) that was developed as an environmentally preferable alternative to the older surfactant. This substitution is studied and evaluated both from a traditional Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) perspective and from a perspective of costs caused by environmental work at the company and the environmental impacts of the studied products.

Executive summary