Relationships between Life Cycle Assessment and Risk Assessment - Potentials and
Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Risk Assessment (RA) are system analytical methods
which provide ways for structuring, evaluating and presenting environmental
information relevant for different types of environmental decision making.
However, a more holistic approach for chemical and product management is needed
to improve the performance in terms of environmental and toxicological aspects.
A description of LCA and risk
assessment and the relationship between them including description of basic
concepts, differences and interfaces are included in this report. In
addition, ongoing work in the area of integrating LCA and risk assessment is
described in terms of different projects and companies working with an
integrated LCA and risk assessment approach. Moreover, the organizational
perspective is discussed including the connection to chemical legislation,
work performed within EU, UNEP and OECD as well as legal requirements. The
study resulting in this report also emphasizes potentials and obstacles for
future work in the area of combining LCA and risk assessment.
This report has been funded by the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
and written by Industrial Environmental Informatics, a unit at Chalmers
University of Technology.